Tirupati Balaji Temple
Tirupati town is 67-km from Chittoor in Chittoor district, the southern
portion of Andhra Pradesh. The most important place of interest at the
place is the historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara, the Lord of Seven
Hills, who is famous all over the country.
The shrine is located on a hill at Tirumala, a cluster of seven hills
known as Seshachalam or Venkatachalam with an elevation of 853m
(2,800ft.) above the sea level. Said to be the richest temple in the
world, this temple is a vibrant cultural and philanthropic institution
with a grand history spanning several centuries. It attracts pilgrims
from all over the country who stand in line for hours together to obtain
a glimpse of the presiding deity for a few fleeting seconds.
Tirupati - A Fine Example Of Dravidian Temple
The temple at Tirumala is believed to have existed from ancient times.
The dynasties like the Pallavas of Kanchipuram, the Cholas of Tanjore,
the Pandyas of Madurai and the Kings and chiefs of Vijayanagara, vied
with one another in endowing the Shrine and offering worship of the
presiding deity. The Tirupati temple with its 'gopuram' or tower is a
fine example of Dravidian architecture.
The elaborate rituals and mode of worship in the temple were prescribed
by the saint Ramanujacharya and are being followed even today. Anointing
the idol with camphor, and the offering by pilgrims of the hair on their
heads by getting themselves shaved by licensed barbers are the important
customs in vogue at Tirupati Temple.
The 'Vimana' or Cupola over the sanctum sanctorum is covered entirely
with gold plate and is known as "the Ananda Nilayam". The
Shrine consists of three 'Prakarams' or enclosures. The outermost
enclosure contains the 'Dhvajastambha' or the banner post and, among
others, the statues of Vijayanagara king Krishnadevaraya and his
consorts, and of Todarmal, the minister of Akbar. The idol of the deity,
the full figure of Lord Venkateswara or 'Venkataramana' or 'Srinivasa'
or 'Balaji' (as is called in various parts of the country) has the
attributes of both Vishnu and Shiva, preserving and destroying aspects
of the Hindu Trinity.
Festivals of Tirupati
Everyday is a day of festivity at Tirumala. The most famous is the
annual festival called 'Brahmotsavam', which is celebrated on grand
scale for nine days in September, attracting pilgrims and tourists from
all parts of the country. The fifth and ninth days of the festival are
especially significant in as much as Garudostavam and Rathotavam takes
place on those days.
The Daily Routines - Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple
The daily program starts with 'Suprabhatam' (awakening the Lord) at
three in the morning and end with the 'Ekanta Seva' (putting the Lord to
sleep) at one in the night. Daily, Weekly and Periodical 'Sevas' and
'Utsavams' are performed to the Lord. Interested pilgrims can choose
from the list and pay to get the Sevas or Utsavams done on their name.
Devotees offer their gifts and donations in the "Hundi", which
is the main source of income.
How to reach Tirupati Balaji Temple in Andhara Pradesh
There are trains that travel via Renigunta or Gudur, but do not touch Tirupati. In such cases, Renigunta (just 10 km from Tirupati) or Gudur (100 km from Tirupati), are convenient points to Flight. From Renigunta/Gudur, you can reach Tirupati by train or bus.
Nearest airport to tirupati temple , karnataka :- Nearest international airport is at Chennai and Tirupati airport is at Renigunta 15 KM from town.