Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh is a bustling
400-year-old metropolis with an urban population of 4.2 million people
approximately. Hyderabad is located on the Deccan Plateau and the Musi
River, 650m above sea level. The physiography of Hyderabad is dominated
by hills, tanks, forests, and rock formations.
The History of Hyderabad
The history of Hyderabad begins with the establishment of the Qutub
Shahi dynasty. Quli Qutub Shah seized the reins of power from the
Bahamani kingdom in 1512 and established the fortress city of Golconda.
Inadequacy of water, and frequent epidemics of plaque and cholera
persuaded Mohammad, the fifth Quli Qutub Shahi ruler to venture outward
to establish the new city with the Charminar as its center and with four
great roads fanning out in the four cardinal directions. Hyderabad's
fame, strategic location and Golconda's
wealth attracted Aurangazeb who captured Golconda after a long siege in
1687. After this defeat the importance of Hyderabad declined and the
city fell into partial ruin.
As the Mughal Empire decayed and began to disintegrate, the viceroy,
Asaf Jah I proclaimed himself the Nizam and established independent rule
of the Deccan. Hyderabad once again became a major capital city, ruled
by successive Nizams of the Asaf Jah dynasty until the state was merged
into the Indian Union in 1948.
Hyderabad - The City Of Two Aspects
The city is cosmopolitan, and is richly endowed with a variety of
cultures. While Muslim people are concentrated more towards the old city
like Charminar, Secunderabad has got a more contemporary look with a
concentration of Anglo-Indians. The city of Hyderabad presents an
attractive amalgam of old world charm together with the ebullience of
growth and enterprise. Beautiful old edifices built in the medieval,
Mughal, Colonial and Indo-Saracenic styles abound, rubbing shoulders
with large glass and chrome temples of commerce.
Hyderabad is called as the second Silicon Valley in India after
Bangalore. Hyderabad has a Software Technology Park with leading
industries like Intergraph, UUNET, TCS, Wipro, Baan, Satyam, Park
Hyderabad - The Pearl City Of India
The city of Hyderabad is famous for its minarets and its pearl bazaar.
Pearls from all over the world are said to come to Hyderabad because the
artisans here are skilled in piercing and stringing pearls without
damaging them. The city's gypsy tribes called 'Lambadas' and 'Banjaras'
are known throughout the country for their colourful costumes and
Hyderabadi cuisine is much sought after.
Making Of The Twin City - Secunderabad
In 1798, a subsidiary alliance for military and political cooperation
was signed between the Nizam and the British East India Company.
Thereafter an area north of what is now the Hussain Sagar Lake was
established as a cantonment. The area was named Secunderabad after the
then Nizam, Sikander Jah. Both Hyderabad and Secunderabad grew together
and have now merged. An imaginary line drawn across the Tank bund is
still used to distinguish the two cities.
Hyderabad's 400-year-old culinary history, like its culture, is
unmatched by any other state in India. In fact Hyderabad was known for
the spectacular way its aristocracy entertained. Of all the Muslim
cuisine, Hyderabadi is the only cuisine of the sub-continent that can
boast of a major vegetarian element. This has much to do with the local
influences. Considering that the elite of the erstwhile Hyderabad state
came from the north of India and was almost entirely Muslim, this is a
little surprising. The nation's vegetarians, of course, stand to gain by
Some of the salient features of Hyderabadi food are the key flavours of
coconut, tamarind, peanuts and sesame seeds. The key spice is chilli,
which is used in abundance and is the reason for the sobriquet "Dynamite
Food". Other culinary delights of Hyderabad include 'Gosht', which
is kid or baby goat, and is more or less, synonymous with Hyderabadi
food. 'Murgh', which is chicken, is the second favourite. When it comes
to gosht, Hyderabadis prize the meat of the male goat.